25 April, 2013

Handlebars.js in a Nutshell

Handlebars Overview

Handlebars.js is a logic-less semantic web template framework.  The 3 main parts of Handlebars are Handlebars template, data/context in JSON format and Handlebars compile function.

How Handlebars Work?

Handlebars Syntax/Features

  • Expressions - are the basic unit of Handlebars template representing property in the data/context.  
  • Built-In Block Helpers - are the conditionals and loops for executing logic
  • Custom Helpers - are user defined JavaScript functions to manipulate/process the data  and implement any kind of complex logic.
  • Path -  A path is a property lookup. Nested paths to lookup property of the current data/context and Parent path ../ to lookup property on parent of the current data/context.
  • Partials (sub templates) - To render a section of a template marked with "partial name" within a larger template, with another template.
  • Pre-compilation – Saves time on the client and reduces run-time size of the Handlebars.js library

When to use a Handlebars.js Templating Engine?

  • Application’s view will be updated frequently, especially as a result of changes to the data either from the server or the client
  • Multiple technology stacks that depend on the same data (server)
  • When the application has much interactivity and it is very responsive
  • To develop a single-page web application with multiple views
  • To easily manage HTML content; you don’t want your JavaScript code to contain important HTML markup

How to Load/Add Templates

1. In-lined Templates using <script> tag

<script id="Handlebars-Template" type="text/x-handlebars-template">

2. Externalized Templates

Storing templates in files and retrieve them using Require.js
Storing templates in DB and  retrieve them using RESTful interface through Ajax calls



19 April, 2013

What Systems Can You Migrate to Cloud?

Web Sites with Static Content

Any web site with static content including HTML, JavaScript, images, video etc could be migrated.


The web applications, enterprise applications, mobile web applications could be migrated.

Collaboration Applications

The collaboration applications of various sorts like Social Networking, Electronic Calendars, Mail, Meeting Organizer, Wikis, Knowledge Management Systems, Project Management Systems etc, could be migrated.

Content-centric Applications

The content-centric applications could be migrated.


The RESTful Services, SOAP based Services etc could be migrated

Mobile Backend Applications

All mobile backend applications like  User Management, Push Notifications, Integration with Social Networking etc could be migrated.

Cloud Computing in a Nutshell

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the Internet.

Wikipedia says “Cloud computing is the use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as a service over a network (typically the Internet). The name comes from the common use of a cloud-shaped symbol as an abstraction for the complex infrastructure it contains in system diagrams. Cloud computing entrusts remote services with a user's data, software and computation.”

Cloud Benefits

  • Pay as you go
  • Focus on business rather than IT
  • Elasticity - Scale up and down based on business need

Cloud Models

  • Deployment Models :  Public Cloud, Private Cloud, Hybrid Cloud, Community Cloud
  • Service Models : SaaS, PaaS, IaaS

Essential Characteristics

  • On Demand Self-Service: Allows for provisioning of computing resources automatically as needed.
  • Broad Network Access: Access to cloud resources is over the network using standard mechanisms provided through multi-channels.
  • Resource Pooling: The vendors’ resources are capable of being pooled to serve multiple clients using a multi-tenant model, with different physical and virtual resources in a dynamic way.
  • Example of resources include; computation capabilities, storage and memory.
  • Rapid Elasticity: Allows for rapid capability provisioning, for quick scaling out and scaling in of capabilities. The capability available for provisioning to the client seems to be unlimited and that it can be purchased as demanded.
  • Measured Service: Allows monitoring, control and reporting of usage. It also allows for transparent between the provider and the client.

18 April, 2013

How to make jQuery UI Spinner-Map Example Responsive

What is responsive web design?

A responsive web design, built with HTML5 and CSS3, allows a website to 'just work' across multiple devices and screens.

Wikipedia definition
"Responsive web design (RWD) is a web design approach aimed at crafting sites to provide an optimal viewing experience—easy reading and navigation with a minimum of resizing, panning, and scrolling—across a wide range of devices (from desktop computer monitors to mobile phones)"

Elements of responsive web design

  • Media queries
  • Fluid grid concept
  • Flexible images/video

Why responsive web design?

Mobile internet is predicted to overtake desktop internet usage by 2014 and a responsive web site can provide great user-experience across many devices and screen sizes.

How to make jQuery UI Spinner-Map example responsive ?

This article extends the jQuery UI Spinner-Map example, which is about Google Maps integration, using spinners to change latitude and longitude.

Example reference link : http://jqueryui.com/spinner/#latlong. This example is a very simple one which uses Google Maps JavaScript API, jQuery UI Spinner  widgets to change latitude and longitude to get the Google Map corresponding to these co-ordinates.

Replace the existing CSS code between style tags with the following styles:

    #map {

    @media handheld, only screen and max-width:1100px {
      /*Small Desktop / Large Tablet View */
      #map {
      label {

    @media handheld, only screen and (min-width:651px ) and (max-width:979px) {
      /*Small Desktop / Large Tablet View */
      #map {
      label {

    @media handheld, only screen and (min-width:481px ) and (max-width:960px) {
      /* Small Tablet View */
      #map {
      label {

    @media handheld, only screen and (max-width:480px) {
      /* Smartphone view*/
      #map {
      label {

    body {
      font-size: 62.5%;
      font-family: "Trebuchet MS", "Arial", "Helvetica", "Verdana", "sans-serif";

Check on browser

Resize the browser and test your code. 


It is very easy to make a simple page responsive by using media queries for various mobile devices. Remember that the real implementation need to be methodological considering content, using ideal width for various devices, prototype and test etc.

Two different styles need to  be created to support portrait and landscape modes of devices.


  • http://jqueryui.com/spinner/
  • http://tympanus.net/codrops/2013/01/21/ui-design-guidelines-for-responsive-design/

16 January, 2013

Web Service Performance Tuning Tips

Tip 1#     Use coarse grained web services with moderate size payloads
Tip 2#     Choose correct service (RPC or Document) and encoding (Encoded or Literal) style for web service
Tip 3#     Carefully design SOAP attachments and security implementations to minimize negative performance
Tip 4#     Achieve Web services interoperability
§         Web Service implementation in Java: Use primitive types, String or simple POJO as parameters and return type
Tip 5#     Opt for RESTful Web Services
§         Language and platform agnostic
§         Uses standard HTTP methods to access web services
§         Need better performance and scalability
§         Much simpler to develop than SOAP
§         Small learning curve, less reliance on tools
§         Could be used when web services are not sophisticated and there is not need for QoS
Tip 6#     Consider using an asynchronous messaging model with
§         Slow and unreliable transport
§         For complex and long running process
Tip 7#     Use replication and caching of data to improve performance by minimizing network overhead
Tip 8#     Use XML compression where the XML compression overhead is less than network latency
Transmitting attachments such as MRI Scans, X-Rays, Design Documents and Business Contracts using SOAP messages has become a common practice.. Optimize transmission of attachments with MTOM & XOP:


Web Application Performance Tuning Tips

I have given below the most common performance tuning tips (technology agnostic): 

Tip 1#     Minimize the use of JavaScript and style sheets
Tip 2#     Check out for framework specific characteristics
Tip 3#     Use pagination
Tip 4#     Cache all the static content like HTML pages, images etc
Tip 5#     Cache frequently used or accessed master data or reference data
Tip 6#     Reducing extensive use of Session variables will avoid clogging server resources and avoid performance bottlenecks
Tip 7#     Set up health monitoring of your web application
Tip 8#     Perform “Performance Testing”
Tip 9#     Measure the performance metrics for all components


19 December, 2012

Gartner: Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2013

The top 10 strategic technology trends for 2013 include:

  1. Mobile Device Battles
  2. Mobile Applications and HTML5
  3. Personal Cloud
  4. Enterprise App Stores
  5. The Internet of Things
  6. Hybrid IT and Cloud Computing
  7. Strategic Big Data
  8. Actionable Analytics
  9. In Memory Computing
  10. Integrated Ecosystems

Ultimately the mobile, social, information, and cloud will impact all of these trends and IT organizations as a whole.